Kay Ivey of Alabama has signed a so-called chemical castration measure into law, her office announced on Monday, leaving the state poised to set a stringent new parole condition for certain sex offenders. Supporters of the law contend that it will enhance public safety and reduce the risk of convicted sex offenders committing similar crimes once they are released from prison. But critics of the law, which will take effect in September, think it may prove unconstitutional.
The new law will mean that those who abused children under the age of 13 will be injected with hormone-blocking drugs before leaving prison. The medication will have to be administered until a judge, not a doctor, deemed it no longer necessary. A similar bill was proposed last year in Oklahoma but met strong opposition.
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Alabama's state legislature passed a bill Tuesday that will require convicted child sex offenders to undergo chemical castration prior to their release, raising questions about the legality and ethics of castration. According to the legislation, known as House Billa person convicted of a sexual offense involving anyone under the age of 13 will be required, as a condition of parole, "to undergo chemical castration treatment in addition to any other penalty or condition prescribed by law. The person will be obligated to pay for the cost of treatment, and a refusal to be castrated would be considered a parole violation, the legislation reads. The bill now goes to Gov.
A new bill requires anyone convicted of sexually abusing a person 13 or younger to be given testosterone-reducing medication before their release from prison. On Monday, Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey signed a controversial bill requiring that sex offenders in her state who are convicted of molesting a child — defined under Alabama law as anyone under the age of 13 — be chemically castrated as a condition of their release from prison.
The measure, passed by the Legislature, says a judge must order anyone convicted of a sex offence involving a child under the age of 13 to start receiving testosterone-inhibiting medication a month before release from prison. Most offenders would have to pay for the treatment, which would be administered by the Department of Public Health, until a judge decides the medication is no longer necessary. Under the proposed law, a judge — and not a doctor — would tell the offender about the effects of the treatment.
He added: "I had people call me in the past when I introduced it and said 'don't you think this is inhumane'? Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Oregon, Montana and Wisconsin have laws which allow courts to order castration before a sex offender is released. California, Georgia, Louisiana, Montana and Wisconsin only allow chemical castration to those who committed crimes against minors.
Alabama lawmakers passed legislation this week that would require some convicted child sex offenders to undergo chemical castration before leaving prison. Chemical castration is castration via continual injections of specific drugs such as medroxyprogesterone, which reduces libido and sexual activity by blocking the production of testosterone and other hormones. According to the legislation, the parolee would be required to pay for the cost of the treatment but the person cannot be denied parole if they are not able to pay for treatment.
Chemical castration is castration via anaphrodisiac drugswhether to reduce libido and sexual activity, to treat canceror otherwise. Unlike surgical castrationwhere the gonads are removed through an incision in the body,  chemical castration does not remove organs, nor is it a form of sterilization. In MayThe New York Times reported that a number of countries use chemical castration on sex offendersoften in return for reduced sentences.