The beginning of the Asian financial crisis can be traced back to 2 July This became the trigger for the Asian currency crisis. Within the week the Philippines and Malaysian Governments were heavily intervening to defend their currencies, while Indonesia intervened and also allowed the currency to move in a widened trading range-a sort of a float but with a floor below which the monetary authority acts to defend the currency against further falls.
Ten years ago, on July 2ndThailand's central bank floated the baht after failing to protect the currency from speculative attack. The move triggered a financial and economic collapse that quickly spread to other economies in the region, causing GDP growth rates to contract precipitously, bankrupting companies that had overexposed themselves to foreign-currency risk, and ultimately necessitating costly and politically humiliating IMF-led bailouts in the worst-affected countries. Thus began the Asian financial crisis of
Typically countries experienced rapid devaluation and capital outflows as investor confidence turned from over-exuberance to contagious pessimism as the structural imbalances in the economy became more apparent. Due to the financial instability, the IMF was requested to intervene. Unlike the debt crisis in Latin America, the debt crisis in East Asia stemmed from inappropriate borrowing by the private sector.
Governments in both mature and emerging economies no doubt draw lessons from financial crises in order to adopt measures to prevent their recurrence. However, it is often the case that such measures are designed to address the root causes of the last crisis but not the next one. More importantly, they can actually become new sources of instability and crisis. This is indeed the case in emerging economies that experienced recurrent bouts of instability and crises in the second half of the s and early s, including several East Asian economies hit by a virulent crisis in
The Asian financial crisis, like many other financial crises before and after it, began with a series of asset bubbles. Growth in the region's export economies led to high levels of foreign direct investmentwhich in turn led to soaring real estate values, bolder corporate spending, and even large public infrastructure projects. Heavy borrowing from banks provided most of the funding.
Asian financial crisismajor global financial crisis that destabilized the Asian economy and then the world economy at the end of the s. The —98 Asian financial crisis began in Thailand and then quickly spread to neighbouring economies. It began as a currency crisis when Bangkok unpegged the Thai baht from the U.
On July 2,Thailand devalued its currency relative to the US dollar. Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia also allowed their currencies to weaken substantially in the face of market pressures, with Indonesia gradually falling into a multifaceted financial and political crisis. Hong Kong faced several large but unsuccessful speculative attacks on its currency peg to the dollar, the first of which triggered short-term stock market sell-offs across the globe.
The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia and Southeast Asia beginning in July and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion. Capital flight ensued, beginning an international chain reaction. At the time, Thailand had acquired a burden of foreign debt that made the country effectively bankrupt even before the collapse of its currency.
The Asian financial crisis, also called the "Asian Contagion," was a sequence of currency devaluations and other events that began in the summer of and spread through many Asian markets. The currency markets first failed in Thailand as the result of the government's decision to no longer peg the local currency to the U. As a result of the devaluation of Thailand's baht, a large portion of East Asian currencies fell by as much as 38 percent.