The technique of 2-dimensional facial reconstruction from the skull is a method of forensic art used to aid in identifying skeletal remains. The artist and anthropologist collaborate to construct the facial features of the unknown individual on the basis of the underlying cranial structure. The purpose of 2-D facial reconstructions is to generate a comparison once someone viewing the images puts forward a name of a potential match.
Academic journal article Forensic Science Communications. The identification of human remains is of paramount importance for legal and humane reasons. The reconstruction of the facial features of an individual onto the skull is a blending of the scientific and the artistic skills of the sculptor.
Forensic facial reconstruction or forensic facial approximation is the process of recreating the face of an individual whose identity is often not known from their skeletal remains through an amalgamation of artistry, anthropologyosteologyand anatomy. It is easily the most subjective—as well as one of the most controversial—techniques in the field of forensic anthropology. Despite this controversy, facial reconstruction has proved successful frequently enough that research and methodological developments continue to be advanced.
The sex of the deceased is usually one of the first elements to be assessed and is best undertaken by an examination of the pelvis and skull. When identifying the sex of a skull, a single characteristic is not used, rather a number of factors are considered and used collectively to determine the sex of the human remains. There are a number of features of the skull that are more commonly found in males compared with females and these are the indicators used by forensic archaeologists to determine the sex of an individual.
All rights reserved. The most ancient natives are a Neanderthal woman and an early modern man. Their facial reconstructions are based on remains from elsewhere in Europe, but artifacts found in the Brighton area show that both were local residents some 40, years ago.
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Facial depiction from human remains is a process whereby the face of an individual is built onto the skull for the purpose of identification. The theory is that, in the same way that we all have unique faces, we all have unique skulls, and it is the small variations in the shape and proportions of the skull that lead to significant variation in our faces. Facial depiction utilises an exciting mix of science and art.
Facial reconstruction is a method used in the forensic field when a crime involves unidentified remains. Facial reconstruction is usually performed by a sculptor who is an expert in facial anatomy. Either way, the sculptor will work with forensic anthropologists to interpret the features of the skeleton that will ultimately help reveal the age, sex and ancestry of the victim.